On January 9, 1945, the Allied Forces, alongside the United States Sixth Army under General Walter Krueger, landed unopposed on the beaches of Lingayen, Binmaley, Dagupan, Mangaldan, and San Fabian. This moment marked the beginning of the liberation of Pangasinan in the Philippines during World War II. Four days later, General Douglas MacArthur arrived and set up his Luzon headquarters in Dagupan, just behind the ruined Capitol building. This event was a significant turning point in the war and had a significant impact on the Philippines’ history.
The liberation of Pangasinan was an essential strategic goal for the Allies. Pangasinan was a province located in central Luzon, and its capital, Lingayen, was an important port for the Japanese. The province was a hub for transportation, communication, and logistics for the Japanese troops, which made it a prime target for the Allies. The liberation of Pangasinan would allow the Allies to cut off Japanese supply routes and isolate their troops in Manila, which was the final stronghold for the Japanese.
General Krueger and his Sixth Army began their attack on January 9, 1945, with a massive amphibious assault on the beaches of Lingayen, Binmaley, Dagupan, Mangaldan, and San Fabian. They met little resistance from the Japanese, who had focused their defenses on Manila. This lack of resistance allowed the Allies to quickly establish a beachhead and push inland. The liberation of Pangasinan was a vital stepping stone for the Allies as they moved closer to their final objective, the capture of Manila.
Four days after the landing, General MacArthur arrived in Dagupan and set up his Luzon headquarters there. The location was strategically significant as it allowed MacArthur to be closer to the front lines and coordinate the Allied offensive. MacArthur’s arrival also provided a significant morale boost for the Allied troops, who had been fighting a long and grueling war in the Pacific. The sight of their military commander gave them renewed hope and determination to push forward.
The liberation of Pangasinan was not without its challenges. The Japanese, although caught off guard by the landing, quickly regrouped and began to mount a counterattack. The battle for Pangasinan lasted for weeks, with the Allies facing fierce resistance from the Japanese troops. However, the Allies’ superior firepower, air support, and logistics allowed them to overcome the Japanese and eventually liberate the province.
The liberation of Pangasinan was a critical turning point in the Pacific War. It allowed the Allies to isolate the Japanese in Manila and cut off their supply routes. The capture of Manila, which followed shortly after, marked the end of the war in the Philippines and paved the way for the eventual defeat of Japan. The landing on the beaches of Pangasinan was also significant in Philippine history as it marked the beginning of the country’s liberation from Japanese occupation.