The Casa Real: A Landmark of Power and Resilience in Pangasinan’s History

In 1840, the Casa Real or Royal House was constructed in Lingayen, Pangasinan, Philippines. This 1,700 sqm building of stone masonry and bricks served as the provincial seat of government where the Alcalde Mayor resided and held office. The construction of the Casa Real marked a significant milestone in the history of Pangasinan and played a crucial role in shaping the province’s political and social landscape.

The Casa Real was a grand structure that served as the center of political power in the province. It was a symbol of Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines, and its construction was a testament to the power and authority of the Spanish colonial government. The building was designed in a neoclassical style, which was popular at the time, with grand arches and imposing columns. It was a magnificent sight to behold and was considered one of the most beautiful buildings in the province.

The Casa Real played a vital role in the governance of Pangasinan. It was the venue for many historic events in the province, including political and social gatherings. The Alcalde Mayor held court in the Casa Real, and it was from here that he made important decisions that affected the lives of the people of Pangasinan. The building was also used as the “Juzgado” or courthouse later on, where legal cases were heard and decided upon.

Aside from its role in governance, the Casa Real was also a center of cultural and social activities in the province. It hosted grand balls and other social events, where the wealthy and influential members of the community gathered.

Despite its significance, the Casa Real also bore witness to some of the darkest moments in Pangasinan’s history. During the Philippine Revolution against Spanish colonial rule, the building was used as a garrison by the Spanish troops. It was also used as a prison where many Filipino revolutionaries were detained and tortured.